Army of Occupation: NOV 1918 – AUG 1919

Discharged from Service: 27 AUG 1919

Wounded in Action: 12 OCT 1918

AEF, 3rd Division, 7th Infantry Regiment:
- Battle of Saint-Mihiel: 12–15 SEP 1918
- Meuse-Argonne Offensive: 26 SEP–11 NOV 1918

Mobilized to European Theater: JUN 1918

83rd Division, Camp Sherman, Ohio: APR 1918:
- 158th Depot Brigade
- 330th Infantry Regiment

Draft Registration: 05 JUN 1917
Drafted: 20 JUL 1917

Pvt. Adam Otto Brigner

A WWI Historical Timeline
and Tribute

This was taken on April 2, 1918 on the steps of the courthouse in Waverly, Ohio, just prior to being
transported to Camp Sherman in Chillicothe to begin their training. Official Army induction occurred the
day before, on April 1.

Adam is in the middle row, fourth from left.

National Army Inductees:
Waverly, Ohio

One of 17 camps built across the United States, Camp Sherman was constructed in 1917 solely for
the purpose of processing the influx of inductees, following America's entry into the War in Europe.

Now known as the Camp Sherman Joint Training Center, it serves the Ohio National Guard.

158th Depot Brigade, Camp Sherman:
Chillicothe, Ohio

After arriving in the New York area, Private Brigner would have stayed in one of the three embarkation
camps operated by the New York Port of Embarkation, while awaiting ship transport.

On June 12, 1918 the HMT Nevasa would get underway for Liverpool. She had served as a hospital ship
immediately before transporting troops, so this is likely how she looked when Private Brigner boarded
her.

Shipping Out:
New York Port of Embarkation

The first independent American offensive of the war and the single largest American military
undertaking to that point, the battle involved 550,000 troops of the American Expeditionary
Force (AEF), and 110,000 French. There were 7,000 Allied casualties.

Records indicate that this was Private Brigner's first major engagement of The War.

Battle of Saint-Mihiel:
September 12-16, 1918

While St. Mihiel was the first operation of the war wholly under U.S. leadership,
the Meuse-Argonne was the largest. It involved 1.2 million American troops, and
stretched along the entire length of the Western Front. Lasting 47 days, it ended
only when the Armistice was signed, on November 11.

On October 12, Private Brigner was exposed to the mustard gas agent. Although
information states that he was wounded severely, he was one of the fortunate ones,
as many gas survivors were horribly disfigured.

The Meuse-Argonne Offensive:
September 26 – November 11, 1918

During the Occupation period following the Armistice, the 3rd Division set up its headquarters
in Andernach, a small German town along the Rhine River.

This image shows the Army Signal Corps' photo as the building looked during the Occupation.
Other than the modern addition of skylights, the Magistrates' Court building appears much the
way it did when these Doughboys posed on its sidewalks, a century ago.

Here, Private Brigner's Great Grandson poses in front, in 2017.

AEF Army of Occupation, 3rd Division HQ:
Andernach, Germany

The SS Kaiserin Auguste was a luxury cruise ship that had served with the Hamburg-America line prior
to the war. She was allocated to the British after the Armistice as part of the imposed reparations.

The troops were sent back in true style on this ship.

On August 13, 1919, she sailed from Brest, France, and Private Brigner was on board, headed for home. He
arrived in Brooklyn on August 22, and was placed in the Camp Merritt disembarkation camp in New Jersey.

From there, he was sent back to Camp Sherman, where he was discharged from the Army on August 27.

Duty Done:
Shipping Home

24,000,000

Registered by the Selective Service Act of 1917

4,800,000

Draftees and volunteers alike would serve

116,516

Would never come home

1894

Birthday

Adam Otto Brigner was born on this day to George and Sarah (Blakeman) Brigner, in Union Township, Pike County, Ohio.
Read more

1917

America Enters the War

On this date, the United States declared war on Germany. Later, in December, war was also declared against Austria-Hungary.
Read more

1917

Draft Registration

Established on May 18, The Selective Service Act of 1917 authorized the U.S. Government to raise a national army through conscription, to prepare for its entry into World War I.
Read more

1917

The Draft Lottery

This day changed the course of many young men's lives, as the first Draft Lottery was held on this day.

Here, blindfolded Secretary of War Newton Baker draws the first number.
Read more

1918

Camp Sherman, Ohio

Camp Sherman was one of 17 camps constructed around the country in late 1917 to provide training and to process America’s young men out to the battlefields of Europe.
Read more

1918

83rd Infantry Division

The 83rd Infantry Division was formed in September, 1917, as part of the Camp Sherman, Ohio activation.

Note the 83rd's insignia: some refer to it at the "cross hairs," but a closer look reveals that its designed incorporates the letters O-H-I-O.
Read more

1918

Over There...

The 83rd shipped out from Camp Sherman on June 5, 1918 and Private Brigner was aboard ship crossing the North Atlantic, less than two weeks later.
Read more

1918

American Expeditionary Forces

Now with the AEF, Adam ended his stint with the 330th Infantry Regiment on this day. He would be assigned to Company A, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Division, and take part in the last two major offensives of the war.
Read more

1918

The Battle of St. Mihiel

The first offensive of the war wholly under American command was also Private Brigner's first action, according to service information I have.
Read more

1918

The Meuse-Argonne Offensive

The Battle of the Argonne Forrest, as it is also sometimes called, stretched across the entire Western Front. Beginning on September 26, this was the Allies' last offensive of the war. The action lasted for 47 days, and only ended with the Armistice, on November 11.
Read more

1918

Wounded In Action

On this date, Private Brigner became a casualty of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, a victim of the mustard gas agent.

Our World War I Doughboys were presented with the Wound Accolade, instead of the Purple Heart.
Read more

1918

Armistice

At 5am on this day, the Armistice was signed in a rail car near Compiégne, France. 11am was slated as the time of the cease fire. Germany had lost over 2 million soldiers in the War, and there was civil unrest brewing among the German people. World War I was over.
Read more

1918

AEF Occupation of Germany

The U.S. provided around 240,000 men in nine divisions, nearly a third of the total occupying force. General Pershing, commander of the AEF, established the Third Army for the purpose, under the command of Major General Joseph T. Dickman. - Wikipedia
Read more

1919

Discharge

According to U.S. Army Transport Service Passenger Lists, Private Brigner sailed from Brest, France on August 13, 1919 aboard the SS Kaiserin Auguste Victoria.

He was headed home.
Read more

1920

Life After War

Now 26 years old, Adam married Edith Keppler, from Beaver, Ohio. Edith wanted to get married before Adam shipped out to Europe, but not knowing what the future held, they waited until his return. Their first child Ruth was born in 1923, followed by Bettie in 1926, and my Father, Adam Junior, in 1928.
Read more

1942

WWII Draft: 4th Registration

There were six draft registrations conducted during the Second World War, the fourth of which was conducted on this day, and referred to as “the old man’s draft.”

Now 48, Adam once again filled out his draft registration card, as required.
Read more

1960

The Death of Adam O. Brigner

On March 25, 1960, just days after his birthday, Adam attended a Friday evening service at the North Moreland Church in New Boston, Ohio. During the service, Adam suffered a heart attack - and was gone.

He was just 66 years old.
Read more

Today in WWI History

This page updates on a daily basis, with stories and images pertinent to the conflict as they happened, one hundred years ago.

Media Gallery

A collection of images and video consolidated from throughout the site that are part of Private Brigner’s WWI story.

Private Brigner’s Uniform

My study of the photos of my Grandfather’s uniform, and the information I’ve been able to discern from them.

© 2017, PrivateBrigner.com and David B. Brigner. Unauthorized use of this material without express, written consent is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full, clear credit is given to PrivateBrigner.com and David B. Brigner, with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.
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